The Government of Australia fully meets the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. The government continues to demonstrate serious and sustained efforts. It has made increasing investigations of suspected trafficking cases, identifying and referring more victims to the government- funded support program, and implementing changes to its visa policies intended to better address the needs of foreign trafficking victims. Although the government meets the minimum standards, screening procedures for indicators of labour trafficking among vulnerable groups remains insufficient.
There is a need to increase efforts to train police and other front-line officers to recognize indicators of trafficking and respond to suspected cases of both sex and labour trafficking; increase training for prosecutors and judges on Australian trafficking laws; continue to strengthen efforts to proactively identify trafficking victims among vulnerable groups, such as undocumented migrants or workers; strengthen efforts to prosecute and convict Australian child sex tourists; increase efforts to investigate and hold accountable foreign diplomats posted in Australia suspected of complicity in trafficking.
Australia has a very comprehensive legal framework for dealing with all aspects of Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking. It is mainly covered by the Criminal Code Act 1995:
Division 268.14 Crime against humanity—rape
Division 268.68 War crime—using, conscripting or enlisting children
Division 270—Slavery, sexual servitude and deceptive recruiting:
Division 271—Trafficking in persons and debt bondage:
Division 272—Child sex offences outside Australia
Penalties under various sections range from maximum penalties ranging from 12 years to 25 years.