Human trafficking or slavery is one of the most tragic and ongoing issues of history and human rights issues today. Especially repugnant is the enslavement of innocent young lives. People in desperate existences are seduced by criminal activity which results in the destruction of families and communities. This can undermine public safety and national security.
Forms of national political governance and its responsibility to its people together with relationships to global trading and politics can have a direct influence on slavery.
The politics and economy of Cuba has changed radically, several times, over the years. From the claiming of Cuba for Spain in the 15th century, the wars of independence in the 19th century, the US and Soviet tutelage in the 20th century with triumph of independence with Castro in the late 20th century. Now in contemporary times a new national and international identity for the 21st century has emerged.
Today the Government does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.
Sex trafficking slavery continues where people and families are desperately trying to improve their living standards with any form of employment. They are in significant numbers being seduced by false promises and monetary loans which frequently do not fulfil the needs of the people.
Traffickers recruit Cuban citizens through promises of work abroad, providing fraudulent contracts and immigration documents for free and subsequently coercing the individuals into forms of prostitution to pay off the debts.
Reported over the past five years, Cuba is a source and destination country for adults and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labour. Cuban authorities report people from the ages 13 to 20 are most vulnerable to human trafficking.
In January 2017 the government publicly presented official data on their precautions.
A comprehensive anti-trafficking law is needed to punish all forms of trafficking, including forced labour, sex trafficking of children from ages 16 and 17 years.
The new political relationship with USA has created an atmosphere where Cuba, apparently, has been removed from ‘Tier 3’ (the worst level). Cuba had been rated in ‘Tier 3’ of the world’s worst offenders when it comes to human trafficking.
It appears that changing political governance and relationships changes statistics. Probably a new review and survey is necessary.
Constitution of the Republic of Cuba states in the 58th article; guarantees and asserts that freedom and invincibility of persons, to all who reside in the country.
Under the Republic of Cuba law Penal Code 1987 does illustrate further details of the law. Even so statistics reveal that Cuba has 0.0362 percent which amounts to 4,100 of its population in slavery of a total population of 11,265,629. There still is work to be done for the people of Cuba.