Slavery in Lithuania

Overview

 

According to the US State Department. the Government of Lithuania fully meets the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. The government demonstrated serious and sustained efforts by greatly increasing funding to NGOs for victim assistance programs, thereby providing support to more victims and at-risk individuals. The government established an interagency commission to coordinate national and local efforts and approved its 2017-2019 national action plan against trafficking. The government has appointed a national trafficking rapporteur to collect information and report on human trafficking. A lack of victim protection during the investigation and trial process and a lack of knowledge within relevant agencies in recognizing indicators of child trafficking remains. Children in state-run orphanages aere vulnerable to human trafficking and some investigations are ongoing. The government is phasing out these institutions in favour of the foster care system.

 

The government is committed to train personnel. Police cadets; specialised officers on victim identification and assistance; judges and their assistants training includes psychological support to victims and witnesses during court process; representatives of detention facilities and probation services and the state border guard all receive training in anti-trafficking etc.

 

Legislation

 

The government increased law enforcement efforts. Articles 147 and 157 of the criminal code prohibit all forms of trafficking and prescribe penalties ranging from two to 12 years imprisonment, which are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape.

 

In June 2016, the government passed amendments to articles 147 and 157 to include forced and sham marriages as a form of human trafficking; although sham marriages were not a form of human trafficking under international law.

 

In 2016, 23 traffickers under articles 147 and 157 (17 in 2015). All 23 traffickers received prison sentences, with terms ranging from two to nine years. The government issued six European arrest orders in human trafficking cases.

 

Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania

 

Article 28 While exercising their rights and freedoms, persons must observe the Constitution and the laws of the Republic of Lithuania, and must not impair the rights and interests of other people.

 

Article 29 All people shall be equal before the law, the court, and other State institutions and officers. A person may not have his rights restricted in any way, or be granted any privileges, on the basis of his or her sex, race, nationality, language, origin, social status, religion, convictions, or opinions.

 

Criminal Code of the Republic of Lithuania

 

Article 146. Unlawful imprisonment: Anyone who unlawfully deprives people of freedom, in the absence of kidnapping as a collateral evidence punishable by a fine or detention, or imprisonment for up to three years. Anyone who has to in paragraph 1 the act using violence or causing danger of the victim's life or health, or holding the victim captive for more than 48 hours punishable by detention or imprisonment of up to four years.

 

Article 148. Restriction of the freedom of human action: Those who demanded a human to perform the unlawful act or refrain from carrying out legal action, or otherwise act in accordance with the perpetrator instruction using mental abuse to the victim or his relatives, punishable by a fine or restriction of liberty or a detention, or imprisonment for up to three years.